Blog Archives

Presidential Election 2016

By Sharon Reily, Reference Department

Unsure? If you haven’t been able to decide about a candidate in the presidential election, here is a sampling of the many titles at the Library on both candidates and the 2016 election. Learn more about Clinton and Trump from these books and other resources at the Library.

THE ELECTIONpresidential-1311753_1280

  • Killing the Messenger: The Right-Wing Plot to Derail Hillary and Hijack Your Government by David Brock (324.70973 BRO)
  • We’re Still Right, They’re Still Wrong: The Democrats’ Case for 2016 by James Carville (324.2734 CAR)
  • The Wilderness: Deep Inside the Republican Party’s Combative Contentious Chaotic Quest to Take Back the White House by McKay Choppins (324.2734 COP)
  • Hillary’s America: The Secret History of the Democratic Party by Dinesh D’Souza (324.2736 D’SOU)
  • The Year of Voting Dangerously: The Derangement of American Politics by Maureen Dowd (324.973 DOW)
  • Talking Politics? What You Need to Know Before Opening Your Mouth by Sheila Suess Kennedy (320.973 KEN)
  • Armageddon: How Trump Can Beat Hillary by Dick Morris & Eileen McGann (324.973 MOR)

hillary_clinton_official_secretary_of_state_portrait_cropHILLARY CLINTON

  • Love Her, Love Her Not: The Hillary Paradox ed. by Joanne Cronrath Bamberger (324.973 LOV)
  • A Woman in Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton by Carl Bernstein (92 CLINTON)
  • Unlikeable: The Problem with Hillary by Edward Cline (92 CLINTON)
  • Hard Choices by Hillary Clinton (92 CLINTON)
  • Living History by Hillary Clinton (92 CLINTON)
  • Alter Egos: Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and the Twilight Struggle Over American Power by Mark Landler (327.73 LAN)
  • Thirty Ways of Looking At Hillary: Reflections by Women Writers ed. by Susan  Morrison (973.929092 THI)
  • Big Girls Don’t Cry: The Election That Changed Everything for American Women by Rebecca Traister (324.9730931 TR)

donald_trump_by_gage_skidmore_10Donald Trump

  • In Trump We Trust: E Pluribus Awesome! by Ann Coulter (324.973 COU)
  • Never Enough: Donald Trump and the Pursuit Of Success by Michael D’Antonio (92 TRUMP)
  • Trump Revealed: An American Journey of Ambition, Ego, Money, and Power by Michael Kranish & Marc Fisher (92 TRUMP)
  • Crippled America: How to Make America Great Again by Donald Trump (320.973 TRU)
  • The American We Deserve by Donald Trump (320.973 TRU)
  • Trump: The Art of the Deal by Donald Trump (92 TRUMP)
  • Trump: The Art of the Comeback by Donald Trump (92 TRUMP)

(Informed) Decision 2016: Part 3

By Lon Maxwell, Reference Department

It’s an election year again and whether you’re thrilled with your presidential options or depressed by the slate of candidates, someone needs to be elected and it’s our civic duty to elect them. Everyone needs to get out and vote, not just this election but every election. If you need to register to vote you can get an application from the Williamson County Election Commission, from your LOCAL PUBLIC LIBRARY or just click here and print one. The deadline to register to vote in the November elections is Oct. 11.

If you’re new to voting or an old pro there’s no need to go into that voting booth uninformed. This is my Joe Friday, “Just the facts, Ma’am” review of the candidates for president in this year’s election. The information is coming from the web sites[i] and first person writings of the candidates themselves and their parties[ii]. The issues chosen to be presented here are the top ten issues relevant to electors as determined by the Pew Research Center in July of 2016.[iii] There is no attempt to influence anyone in a particular direction and no bias is intentional. While there are many other parties running I am only including those candidates who are on the ballot in enough states to gain the necessary 270 Electoral College votes to win the election (presented in alphabetical order to avoid hints of bias)[iv].

The Republicans

Trump/Pence

donald_trump_by_gage_skidmore_10Donald Trump was born in Queens, New York, in 1946. He attended the Kew-Forest School for several years before moving to the New York Military Academy. After graduating as a captain from NYMA he began studying at Fordham University in the Bronx before he transferred to the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in economics in 1968. He began working at his father and grandmother’s real estate company, Elizabeth Trump and Son, while still in college. Three years after graduating he was given control of the company and changed the name to the Trump Organization. Since then he has expanded from his role as a real estate speculator and developer to add sports owner, entertainment promoter, and television personality to his resume.

mike_pence_official_portrait_112th_congressMike Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, in 1959. After graduating from Columbus North High School he went on to Hanover College, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in History in 1981. He then went on to the School of Law at Indiana University where he received his Juris Doctor. After working in private practice he unsuccessfully ran for Congress in 1988 and 1990. In 1991, he became the president of a think tank called the Indiana Policy Review Foundation and a member of the State Policy Network but left in 1994 to host conservative political radio shows. In 2000 a third run for Congress was successful and Mr. Pence took over the seat for the Second Congressional District (now renumbered the sixth district) of Indiana. He remained in Congress until 2012, even declining to run for one of Indiana’s Senate seats in 2010. During these terms he was elected to the third-highest-ranking Republican leadership position, the Republican Conference Chairman. He left Washington in 2012 to run for Governor of Indiana, the post he currently holds. He abandoned his gubernatorial re-election campaign to accept his nomination as Republican Vice Presidential candidate.

Positions:

Economy: Mr. Trump intends to create 25 million new jobs by increasing the GDP by 1.5%. He also plans to reform taxes and trade agreements to fit an America first ideal and boost growth to 3.5-4%

Terrorism: The Trump campaign wants to establish new screening procedures to keep terrorists out of the United States, temporarily halt immigration from the states where terrorism is most prevalent, and “establish a Commission on Radical Islam to identify and explain to the American public the core convictions and beliefs of Radical Islam, to identify the warning signs of radicalization, and to expose the networks in our society that support radicalization.”

Foreign Policy: Trump believes that our foreign policy should be built around a core of peace through strength.  Our current strategy needs to end and we need to rebuild our military all the while advancing American national interests and lessening tensions through more stability in the world.

Health Care: Trump/Pence supports the repeal of Obamacare, working with Congress to create a new health care system,  allowing people to purchase health care in any state to allow for more competition and allowing states to tailor their own Medicare plans to meet the local need.

Gun Policy: Trump is a strong supporter of the Second Amendment and does not believe that the right to keep and bear arms should be modified. He does, however, support enforcing the current laws more stringently and bringing back programs where illegal possession would be a federal crime with a mandatory five-year sentence.

Immigration: The Trump campaign wants to promote a legal system of immigration that keeps incoming populace at a percentage within statistical norms. He intends to do this by selecting immigrants who have the best chance of success in the U.S.

Social Security: The Republican Party believes that no option for saving Social Security should be discarded, including privatization.

Education: Mr. Trump believes in school choice, allowing students to choose the public or private school they want to attend and repurposing federal funding to allow this. He also believes higher education needs to look at reducing college expenses.

Supreme Court Appointments: Trump has stated that he intends to replace Justice Scalia with a person of comparable political stance and opinions.

Treatment of Racial and Ethnic Minorities: The Republican party decries discrimination in any form.


Sources & Notes:

[i] https://www.hillaryclinton.com/issues/, http://www.jill2016.com/plan, https://www.johnsonweld.com/issues & https://www.donaldjtrump.com/issues/

[ii] https://www.democrats.org/party-platform, http://www.gp.org/platform, https://www.lp.org/platform & https://www.gop.com/the-2016-republican-party-platform/

[iii] http://www.people-press.org/2016/07/07/4-top-voting-issues-in-2016-election/

[iv] All website information was retrieved between 10 September and 1 October 2016.

(Informed) Decision 2016: Part 2

By Lon Maxwell, Reference Department

It’s an election year again and whether you’re thrilled with your presidential options or depressed by the slate of candidates, someone needs to be elected and it’s our civic duty to elect them. Everyone needs to get out and vote, not just this election but every election. If you need to register to vote you can get an application from the Williamson County Election Commission, from your LOCAL PUBLIC LIBRARY or just click here and print one. The deadline to register to vote in the November elections is Oct. 11.

If you’re new to voting or an old pro there’s no need to go into that voting booth uninformed. This is my Joe Friday, “Just the facts, Ma’am” review of the candidates for president in this year’s election. The information is coming from the web sites[i] and first person writings of the candidates themselves and their parties[ii]. The issues chosen to be presented here are the top ten issues relevant to electors as determined by the Pew Research Center in July of 2016.[iii] There is no attempt to influence anyone in a particular direction and no bias is intentional. While there are many other parties running I am only including those candidates who are on the ballot in enough states to gain the necessary 270 Electoral College votes to win the election (presented in alphabetical order to avoid hints of bias)[iv].

The Green Party

Stein/Baraka

jill_stein_by_gage_skidmoreJill Stein was born in 1950 and raised in the Chicago area. Stein did her undergraduate studies at Harvard, where she graduated Magna Cum Laude in 1973. She continued at Harvard, attending their medical school, where she would later teach. As a physician she specialized in internal medicine. Her connection to politics came when she became interested in environmental concerns and how they were affecting her patients. Since 1998, she has served on the board of the Greater Boston chapter of Physicians for Social Responsibility and co-founded the Massachusetts Coalition for Healthy Communities in 2003. She was elected to two terms of the Lexington Town Meeting and has run for Governor of Massachusetts twice, in 2002 and 2010, State House member in 2004, and Secretary of the Commonwealth in 2006. She was the Green Party candidate for President in 2012.

static1-squarespace-comAjamu Baraka was born in Chicago in 1953. After serving in the U.S. Army in Vietnam he attended Clark Atlanta University. While there he became involved with political activism. He has served on the boards of Amnesty International, the Center for Constitutional Rights, and Africa Action. He was the founding executive director of the United States Human Rights Network. In 1998 Baraka was honored by then-United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan for his years of human rights work. Before his nomination he was an Associate Fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies.

Positions:

Economy: The Stein campaign suggests paying a livable wage, tax reform, economic assistance for local communities and small businesses to help the economy.

Terrorism: The Greens plan to freeze the bank accounts of countries that are funding terrorism, including the Saudi royal family.

Foreign Policy: Stein’s foreign policy is one of peace and disarmament, working on Middle East peace settlement, and reforming the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB) to end exploitation of labor.

Health Care: The Green Party believes in treating health care as a right, and plans to expand Medicare to cover all Americans.

Gun Policy: no stated position

Immigration: Supporting immigrants’ rights, creating a welcoming path to citizenship for immigrants, and halting deportations and detentions of law-abiding undocumented immigrants are all parts of the Green Party plans for immigration.

Social Security: Stein opposes the privatization of Social Security.

Education: Similar to their health care beliefs, Stein/Baraka believes in treating education as a right, including preschools and universities.

Supreme Court Appointments: Dr. Stein disagreed with the decision to not vote on a replacement for Justice Scalia.

Treatment of Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Ensuring equal pay for equal work, ending discrimination based on race, gender, or generation, ending police brutality and mass incarceration and institutional racism within our justice system, and supporting the Black Lives Matter Movement are all parts of the Green plan for race and ethnic tensions.

 


The Libertarians

Johnson/Weld

gary_johnsonGary Johnson was born in Minot, North Dakota, on the first of January 1953. Later in his childhood the family moved to New Mexico where he graduated from Sandia High School in Albuquerque. From there he attended the University of New Mexico, where he earned a Bachelor of Science in political science. It was while he was at school that he began his career as an entrepreneur, working as a door-to-door handyman.  After school he took his know-how and formed a construction company. It started as a one man operation and became one of the leading construction companies in the state. In 1994 he entered politics and ran for Governor of New Mexico on the Republican ticket. He won that election and the succeeding one in 1998. Since leaving the governorship he has served on the Advisory Council of Students for Sensible Drug Policy and on the board of directors of Students for Liberty. He has run for president before, in 2012, on the Libertarian ticket.avatar-jpg-320x320px

William Weld was born into a prominent New England family in 1945. He received a Bachelor of Arts in the classics from Harvard in 1966, studied economics at Oxford and completed his Juris Doctor in 1970 after returning to Harvard. Both times he was at Harvard he graduated Cum Laude.

Positions:

Economy: The Johnson campaign believes in reducing the governmental oversight and regulation of business to allow more competition to create more jobs. They also believe in closing tax loopholes and eventually moving to consumption-based tax rather than an income-based one in order to make taxation help the economy by putting more money in the hands of consumers.

Terrorism: The Libertarian party states that they condemn the use of force, and especially the use of terrorism, against the innocent, regardless of whether such acts are committed by governments or by political or revolutionary groups.

Foreign Policy: The official statement from Mr. Johnson’s website states that he believes our foreign policy is, “To protect us from harm and to allow us to exercise our freedoms.” He also states an intention to remove us from foreign conflicts.

Health Care: The Libertarian stance on health care is that it should be based on a free market allowing Americans to choose all aspects of the personal health plans.

Gun Policy: The Libertarian policy has opposed all laws at any level of government restricting, registering, or monitoring the ownership, manufacture, or transfer of firearms or ammunition.

Immigration: Johnson states that we should focus on creating a more efficient system of providing work visas, conducting background checks, and incentivizing non-citizens to pay their taxes, obtain proof of employment, and otherwise assimilate with our diverse society.

Social Security: It is a belief of the Libertarian party that the Social Security system should be phased out and replaced by a voluntary, private system for retirement savings.

Education: The Johnson/Weld campaign stands for a return of control of educational standards to the state and local governments, and eliminating Common Core and the Department of Education.

Supreme Court Appointments: Johnson has stated that he’d appoint originalists to the Court (in the context of United States constitutional interpretation, originalism is a principle of interpretation that views the Constitution’s meaning as fixed as of the time of enactment).

Treatment of Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Libertarians stand against discrimination of any kind but do not believe in the imposition of regulation to enforce antidiscrimination. The Johnson campaign also believes that a change in drug laws will help reform a justice system that unfairly deals with minorities.


Sources & Notes:

[i] https://www.hillaryclinton.com/issues/, http://www.jill2016.com/plan, https://www.johnsonweld.com/issues & https://www.donaldjtrump.com/issues/

[ii] https://www.democrats.org/party-platform, http://www.gp.org/platform, https://www.lp.org/platform & https://www.gop.com/the-2016-republican-party-platform/

[iii] http://www.people-press.org/2016/07/07/4-top-voting-issues-in-2016-election/

[iv] All website information was retrieved between 10 September and 1 October 2016.

(Informed) Decision 2016: Part 1

By Lon Maxwell, Reference Department

It’s an election year again and whether you’re thrilled with your presidential options or depressed by the slate of candidates, someone needs to be elected and it’s our civic duty to elect them. Everyone needs to get out and vote, not just this election but every election. If you need to register to vote you can get an application from the Williamson County Election Commission, from your LOCAL PUBLIC LIBRARY or just click here and print one. The deadline to register to vote in the November elections is Oct. 11.

If you’re new to voting or an old pro there’s no need to go into that voting booth uninformed. This is my Joe Friday, “Just the facts, Ma’am” review of the candidates for president in this year’s election. The information is coming from the web sites[i] and first person writings of the candidates themselves and their parties[ii]. The issues chosen to be presented here are the top ten issues relevant to electors as determined by the Pew Research Center in July of 2016.[iii] There is no attempt to influence anyone in a particular direction and no bias is intentional. While there are many other parties running I am only including those candidates who are on the ballot in enough states to gain the necessary 270 Electoral College votes to win the election (presented in alphabetical order to avoid hints of bias)[iv].

The Democrats

Clinton/Kaine

hillary_clinton_official_secretary_of_state_portrait_cropHillary Clinton was born in Chicago in 1947. She was educated in the Park Ridge School District where she was a student and athlete and was active in the Brownies and Girl Scouts. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Wellesley where she had been the president of the Young Republicans club. She also received a Juris Doctor degree from Yale. In her youth she worked on many national election campaigns for both political parties, first Republican then Democrat. Her legal career began with a focus on children’s rights before she began working for the House Committee on the Judiciary on the impeachment inquiry staff during the Watergate affair. She moved to Arkansas where she became an employee, then a partner in the Rose Law Firm. For twelve years she was the First Lady of Arkansas followed by eight years as the First lady of the United States. She was the first First Lady to hold an advanced degree.  Throughout this time she maintained a devotion to child advocacy. Clinton successfully campaigned to be the U.S. Senator from New York, a post she held for one-and-a-third terms before being selected for the office of Secretary of State after failing to secure the Democratic nomination for president in 2008.

606px-tim_kaine_official_113th_congress_photo_portraitTim Kaine was born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, in 1958 and primarily raised in the Kansas City area. He graduated Summa Cum Laude from the University of Missouri with a Bachelor of Arts in Economics. He went to Harvard Law School and received a Juris Doctor in 1983 after taking a year off to work with Jesuit missionaries in Honduras.  After working as a law clerk for the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in Macon, Georgia, he went to Richmond to practice law, specializing in fair housing law and discrimination. He taught law at the University of Richmond for several years. He began his political career locally, serving four terms on the city council and two as mayor of Richmond. From 2002-2005, he served as Lieutenant Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia and became Governor from 2006 to 2010. Kaine was the chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 2009 until 2011, when he ran for and won a seat in the U.S. Senate for Virginia in 2012.

Positions:

Economy: Clinton is for gender pay equality and a higher minimum wage, but against reducing public spending to reduce the debt. She is in favor of higher corporate taxes as well as those for real estate sales, stocks and bonds, but against the Trans Pacific Partnership.

Terrorism: She is in favor of working harder to rid Syria and Iraq of ISIS strongholds as well as creating greater cooperation at home and abroad to stop the spread of terror incidents.

Foreign Policy: Clinton and the Democratic Party intend to stand with the international organizations we have already committed ourselves to (i.e., The United Nations, NATO, etc.) and meet countries that pose threats with necessary actions. The main focus is to keep acting on the world stage to maintain our interests abroad.

Health Care: The Democratic Party stands for universal health care, lower prescription drug prices, supporting local health centers, funding medical experimentation, securing reproductive rights, and working on care for autism, addiction and Alzheimer’s.

Gun Policy: Clinton advocates stricter background checks and keeping guns from the severely mentally ill, domestic abusers, violent criminals and people on the no-fly list.

Immigration: While the Democratic campaign supports enforcing the immigration laws humanely, they also stand for comprehensive immigration reform, naturalization and an end to several of the policies affecting families.

Social Security: Clinton is against any privatization or cuts of the social security system.

Education: The most obvious planks in the Clinton platform for education are universal preschool for 4-year-olds, making higher education debt free, and reforming the existing student debt.

Supreme Court Appointments: “I’m looking for people who understand the way the real world works,” Clinton said. “Who don’t have a knee-jerk reaction to support business, to support the idea that you know, money is speech, that gutted the Voting Rights Act.”

Treatment of Racial and Ethnic Minorities: The Clinton campaign has stated they have a commitment to reform the criminal justice system to remove racial prejudice, protect the voting rights of minorities and make sure that minorities no longer face an education/achievement gap.


Sources & Notes:

[i] https://www.hillaryclinton.com/issues/, http://www.jill2016.com/plan, https://www.johnsonweld.com/issues & https://www.donaldjtrump.com/issues/

[ii] https://www.democrats.org/party-platform, http://www.gp.org/platform, https://www.lp.org/platform & https://www.gop.com/the-2016-republican-party-platform/

[iii] http://www.people-press.org/2016/07/07/4-top-voting-issues-in-2016-election/

[iv] All website information was retrieved between 10 September and 1 October 2016.

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