By Sharon Reily, Reference Department
Mystery fiction is divided into several major categories. Hard and Soft Boiled Mysteries generally feature a seasoned professional detective who often must contend with personal demons while investigating a crime. Procedurals offer blow-by-blow analysis of how a crime is solved, either by detailed detective legwork or scientific investigation. Thrillers and Suspense novels don’t always hinge on solving a crime or murder that occurs at the start of a novel, but instead focus on some ever-intensifying threat to the protagonist and feature lots of plot twists. There are also countless mystery sub-genres – Capers, Domestic, Historic, Noir, Romantic Suspense and True Crime, to name a few.
And then there are the Cozies. Sometimes called Traditional Mysteries, the Cozies are distinguished from the darker, grittier mystery genres by several crucial characteristics:
- Instead of a hard-boiled detective, the Cozy crime solver is an amateur sleuth who is almost always a woman. Agatha’s Miss Marple is a prime example. The amateur sleuth usually has some other vocation – caterer, chef, cat fancier, bed and breakfast owner, or librarian.
The setting of a Cozy mystery is critical and helps provide the novel its “cozy” character. It is often set in a small rural town or charming village, or in some cases a closed environment such as an isolated estate or even a train. The intimate nature of the setting allows most of the suspects to know each other. Bishop’s Lacey, the quintessential English village featured in Alan Bradley’s delightful Flavia de Luce series, and Cabot Cove, the location of Donald Bain’s “Murder, She Wrote” novels, both illustrate the perfect Cozy setting.
- Cozies are lighter in tone than other mystery genres. They are considered “gentle” mysteries with little or no graphic violence or explicit sex. The murder almost always happens “off stage” and the victim is sometimes a less-than-sterling character who may have had it coming. Any sex occurs strictly “behind closed doors.” [Quick note: some current Cozies tend to be edgier than earlier examples of the genre.]
- The amateur sleuth is not a police officer or forensics expert, but almost always has a friend or significant other who is one. Through this friend, our sleuth gains access to information, such as an autopsy report, not usually available to your average person.
- The local law enforcement tends to underestimate and dismiss the amateur sleuth, allowing her to “casually overhear” key details at a crime scene.
A Cozy usually features a “red herring” – a clue that steers the reader away from the actual criminal or suggests an inaccurate conclusion.
- The victim and possibly some of the suspects are often known to the amateur sleuth. They could be old college friends or coworkers.
- Cozies usually boast a cast of colorful, likeable, eccentric secondary characters who are often as important to the reader as the amateur sleuth.
- Cozy mysteries are often written as parts of a series. Readers become emotionally involved with the amateur sleuth and other recurring characters and feel they’re “coming home” to a familiar place and old friends when they begin their next Cozy. There are MANY series to choose from, but a few notable ones include Agatha’s Miss Marple series, M.C. Beaton’s Agatha Raisin series, Nancy Atherton’s Aunt Dimity series, Louise Penny’s Chief Inspector Armand Gamache series, and the previously mentioned Flavia de Luce series by Alan Bradley (my personal favorite).
- Cozies sometimes center around a hobby or theme – everything from cats and the culinary arts to knitting and holidays to tea shops and libraries. A link to a great list of Cozy mysteries arranged by theme is included in “Further Reading” at the end of this article.
- The good guys usually win and the evil-doers get their comeuppance.
Once you’ve devoured all of Agatha’s Miss Marple mysteries, what’s next? The list of possibilities is literally endless. To help narrow the field, check out three of Agatha’s contemporaries who helped establish and refine the Traditional Mystery formula and, along with Agatha, comprised the four great “Queens of Crime”: Dorothy L. Sayers (1893-1957), famous for her Lord Peter Wimsey series, Margery Allingham (1904-1966), known for her Albert Campion series and Ngaio Marsh (1895-1982), creator of the Inspector Roderick Alleyn series. WCPL has a good selection of works by each of these writers.
For contemporary Cozy novels, there’s no better place to look than the list of winners and finalists of the annual Agatha Awards. Since 1988, Malice Domestic, an organization celebrating the Traditional Mystery, has honored mysteries that best typify Agatha Christie’s works, defined as mysteries that contain no explicit sex, no excessive gore or gratuitous violence, and can’t be classified as “Hard-Boiled.” The 2015 and 2016 Agatha Awards winners and finalists are listed below with titles available at WCPL noted in bold. A link to the complete list of winners and finalists since the Awards’ inception in 1988 is included below under “Further Reading.”
- A Great Reckoning by Louise Penny (Winner) (F PENNY)
- Body on the Bayou by Ellen Byron
- Quiet Neighbors by Catriona McPherson (F MCPHERSON, Bethesda branch)
- Fogged Inn by Barbara Ross
- Say No More by Hank Phillippi Ryan (F RYAN)
- Long Upon the Land by Margaret Maron (Winner) (F MARON)
- Bridges Burned by Annette Dashofy
- The Child Garden by Catriona McPherson
- Nature of the Beast by Louise Penny (F PENNY)
- What You See by Hank Phillipi Ryan (F RYAN)
If you’re already a fan of Cozies or just ready to try them, one thing is certain — you won’t run out of reading material any time soon. See below for lists of works that will keep you reading for years to come. Enjoy…and stay Cozy!
Agatha Christie’s Miss Marple Series at WCPL (all have call number F CHR unless otherwise noted)
- Murder at the Vicarage
- Tuesday Club Murders
- The Regatta Mystery
- The Body in the Library
- The Moving Finger
- The Mousetrap and Other Stories (includes several Miss Marple stories)
- A Murder is Announced
- Murder with Mirrors (included in The Invincible Miss Marple: LP F CHR volumes 1 & 2)
- A Pocket Full of Rye (Large Print edition only: LP F CHRISTIE)
- What Mrs. McGillicuddy Saw
- The Adventure of the Christmas Pudding (available in TN R.E.A.D.S. in eBook and eAudiobook form)
- Double Sin and other Stories (available in TN R.E.A.D.S. in eBook and eAudiobook form)
- The Mirror Crack’d
- A Caribbean Mystery
- At Bertrams Hotel
- Nemesis (on audio CD and in TN R.E.A.D.S in eAudiobook form)
- Sleeping Murder
- Miss Marple: The Complete Short Stories
Cozy Mysteries Arranged by Theme
The “Cozy Mystery List” website offers a list of Cozies arranged by theme.
With eSequels, you’ll never accidentally start a series in the middle! eSequels lists series in order and is searchable by authors, titles, characters, subjects and locations. This database is free to library members: on the Library home page (wcpltn.org), click eLibrary, Databases by Title and then find eSequels in the alphabetical list of databases. Log in to eSequels with your WCPL library card.
Agatha Award Winners and Finalists from 1988
More Cozy/Agatha Read-Alike Lists